Whether you spend or save your money, banking is one of life’s unavoidable pleasures.
Be it from a small savings account or a large long-term investment, banks invest your money throughout a multi-layered, intricate web of financial and tangible assets. But where is your money really going and how can you ensure your investments take into account the “triple bottom line” — that is the consideration of economic, environmental and social factors?
Ethical banking is the answer.
Ethical banking considers the impacts of banking operations and is not just about delivering attractive profit margins.
For the past fourteen consecutive months, money has continued to flow into ethical investment funds in the UK, according to the United Kingdom Sustainable Investment and Finance Association (UKSIF). Ethical investors typically have a long-term view, looking beyond short-term market fluctuations and toward sustainable wealth creation.
Where did our money go?
Traditional banks have invested in some of the largest and most profitable industries in the world, such as mining, weapons manufacturing and forestry. These industries are also the most scrutinized for their ethical standards, and for good reason. They are notorious for their placement of profits before people, shareholders’ rights before workers’ rights and economy before ecology.
It is no coincidence, therefore, that a rise in ethical banking worldwide comes in the wake of the global financial crisis that has seen the failure of some of the most renowned banking institutions.
If they are not already, big-money and small-time investors should all be demanding answers about the ethics of the present system, not only its economic sustainability.
Control your money
So what is the difference between an ethical bank, and a traditional bank? Here is how the Cooperative Bank in the UK sees their role and your role.
Triodos Bank, with branches in five countries across Europe, has been a pioneer in the field since its establishment in 1980. According to its lending criteria, it does not work with organisations involved in the fur, gambling, hazardous substances, pornographic, tobacco or weapons industries.
Positively, it identifies industries that it believes add social, cultural and environmental benefit to society, such as organic farming, renewable energy, education, child care, fair trade and community projects among others.
Ethical banking, also known as ethical investment, is steadily evolving beyond savings and borrowing to include green mortgages, as well as banks themselves having environmentally sustainable service facilities.
Banking sustainably since 350 B.C.
Ethical banking is no modern concept. Its origins date at least as far back as Ancient Greece, when the philosopher Aristotle argued that transactions should be morally just and avoid usury, that is, excessive interest.
Neither is ethical banking solely a western idea. Islamic banking (or Islamic finance) boasts similar financial principles “based on simple morality and common sense” and is today gaining in popularity across the globe, including in countries like the UK and France, and with Muslim and non-Muslim communities alike.
Specialist community banks, which have grown in number since the 1990s, are also become increasingly attractive as awareness about environmentally sustainable living increases.
In Japan, the innovative non-profit ap bank, conceived and funded by eco-conscious musicians, only provides loans for environmental initiatives. Furthermore, it is “not focused on environmental projects done by big business, but rather, on smaller projects that are implemented by local people in their own communities”.
Getting your green back
Even though more and more people want to know how their money is invested, those considering the switch to ethical banking may be concerned by some commonly held assumptions.
One belief is that ethical banks, not solely focused on profit, may provide less financial payoff than traditional banks, particularly for serious investors. UKSIF Chief Executive Penny Shephard rejects this idea and even argues that new entrants to the sector are “typically long term investors who look beyond short-term fluctuations and want to benefit from sustainable wealth creation”.
In fact, recent growth and profit records for ethical banks seem to support the notion that ethical banks provide good returns for investors, as well as for the environment and society.
Another challenge is to make sure you research enough to make an informed and wise choice with your money. There are plenty of handy hints online to guide you.
Your money, your responsibility
The growth of ethical banking in tough financial times is proof that, through minimal behavioural change, communities and individuals can transform banking into something that respects the environment and society.
Ideally, holders of accounts at traditional banks will similarly ask their own banks the tough questions about their investment priorities — at present it is mainly environmental protesters who are trying to keep banks accountable for their actions.
Co-operative uses the corporate catch phrase “your money, our responsibility”. However, “your money, your responsibility” is perhaps more appropriate given what we know about where your money goes and what you can do about it.
With ethical banks, you don’t have to throw good money after bad anymore.
Mark Notaras was a writer/editor of Our World for the United Nations University (UNU) from 2009-2012. He is a former researcher in Peace and Security for the UNU Institute for Sustainability and Peace. He holds a Masters in International Affairs (Peace and Conflict Studies) from the Australian National University and the Peace Research Institute, Oslo and in 2013 completed a Rotary Peace Fellowship at Chulalongkorn University in Bangkok. Currently Mark works in Timor-Leste advising local NGOs on community agriculture and conflict prevention projects.